Clarence "Pine Top" Smith, Piano/Vocal
b. Troy, AL, USA.
d. March 15, 1929, USA.
One of the inventors of "Boogie Woogie" music.
In later years, Tommy Dorsey had a big band
instrumental hit called "TD's Boogie", which
was actually Pine Tops Boogie.
Clarence Smith, better known as Pinetop Smith or Pine Top Smith (11 June 1904 - 15 March 1929) was an influential American boogie-woogie style blues pianist. He is a 1991 inductee of the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame.

Smith was born in Troy, Alabama and raised in Birmingham, Alabama. He received his nickname as a child from his liking for climbing trees. In 1920 he moved to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, where he worked as an entertainer before touring on the T. O. B. A. vaudeville circuit, performing as a singer and comedian as well as a pianist. For a time he worked as accompanist for blues singer Ma Rainey and Butterbeans and Susie.
In the mid 1920s he was recommended by Cow Cow Davenport to J. Mayo Williams at Vocalion Records, and in 1928 he moved, with his wife and young son, to Chicago to record. For a time he, Albert Ammons, and Meade Lux Lewis lived in the same rooming house.
On 29 December 1928 he recorded his influential "Pine Top's Boogie Woogie," one of the first "boogie woogie" style recordings to make a hit, and which cemented the name for the style. Pine Top talks over the recording, telling how to dance to the number. He said he originated the number at a house-rent party in St. Louis, Missouri. Pinetop was the first ever to direct "the girl with the red dress on" to "not move a peg" until told to "shake that thing" and "mess around".
Pinetop Smith was scheduled to make another recording session for Vocalion in 1929, but died from a gunshot wound in a dance-hall fight in Chicago the day before the session. Sources differ as to whether he was the intended recipient of the bullet. "I saw Pinetop spit blood" was the famous headline in Down Beatmagazine.
Pinetop Smith was acknowledged by other boogie woogie pianists such as Albert Ammons and Pete Johnson as a key influence, and he gained posthumous fame when "Pinetop's Boogie Woogie" was recorded by the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra in the late 1930s.
From the 1950's Joe Willie Perkins became universally known as "Pinetop Perkins" for his famous recordings of "Pinetop's Boogie Woogie". Perkins later became Muddy Waters' pianist, and much later when in his 90's, recorded a song on his 2004 Ladies' Man album which played on the by-then common misconception that Perkins had himself written "Pinetop's Boogie Woogie".
Ray Charles adapted "Pine Top's Boogie Woogie" for his song "Mess Around", for which the authorship was credited to "A. Nugetre", Ahmet Ertegun.
In 1975 the Bob Thiele Orchestra recorded a modern jazz album called I saw Pinetop Spit Blood that included a treatment of "Pinetop's Boogie Woogie" as well as the title song.
Gene Taylor recorded a version of "Pinetop's Boogie Woogie" on his eponymous 2003 album. ~Wikipedia
Clarence "Pine Top" Smith on redhotjazz.com
Hazel Scott
b. Port of Spain, Trinidad.
d. Oct. 2, 1981.
This lovely lady was a good pianist and vocalist and a contemporary of another fine vocalist - Maxine Sullivan (The Loch Lomond Lady) - both of whom were mostly active in the New York City area. Beginning at just age 8, Scott began her studies of classical piano at New York City's famed Juilliard School of Music.
In the 1930s, she was a very popular performer in various clubs on New York's 52nd Street (Swing Street), In 1936, she had her own radio show, and in 1938, appeared in a Broadway musical. In the late 1930s and early '40s, she became a well known New York city cabaret performer, working at both the downtown and uptown branches of Cafe Society, and other venues.
Also during the '40s, she appeared in the film "Rhapsody in Blue", and four others. In the '50s, she had her own television show. Scott had married Adam Clayton Powell Jr., a highly controversial New York Congressman. The marriage ended in a divorce, no doubt helped by the extraordinary heat of a nationwide obsession with Powell's behavior, activities, and political influence. While basically a pianist, successfully blending Jazz and Classical influences, she was also an underrated vocalist. In addition, she composed some songs including "Love Comes Softly" and "Nightmare Blues."

Sheldon "Shelly" Manne, Drums
b. New York, NY, USA
d. Sept. 26, 1984, USA.
Shelly Manne (June 11, 1920 – September 26, 1984), born Sheldon Manne in New York City, was an American jazz drummer. Most frequently associated with West coast jazz, he was known for his versatility and also played in a number of other styles, including Dixieland, swing, bebop, avant-garde jazz and fusion, as well as contributing to the musical background of hundreds of Hollywood films and television programs.

Kaiser Marshall, Drums
b. Savannah, GA, USA.
d. Jan. 3, 1948, USA.
Biography ~ Scott Yanow
Due to his work with Fletcher Henderson, Kaiser Marshall was considered one of the most influential drummers in jazz of the 1920s and was one of the first significant big band drummers. Marshall grew up in Boston and gigged locally including with singer Jules Bledsoe and Charlie Dixon. After moving to New York, he was in Ralph "Shrimp" Jones' band in 1923 and then spent a long period with Henderson (from 1924-30), appearing on many records.
After leaving Henderson in 1930, Marshall remained quite active and played with many bands. He led his Czars of Harmony in 1931, worked with LeRoy Smith, co-led Kaiser and Reynolds' Bostonians with Ellsworth Reynolds, and subbed in the orchestras of Duke Ellington and Cab Calloway.
Fletcher Henderson and His Orchestra, 1925
Front row, left to right: Kaiser Marshall, Coleman Hawkins, Buster Bailey,
Don Redman, Charlie Dixon, Fletcher Henderson. Back row, left to right;
Charley Green, Elmer Chambers, Louis Armstrong, Howard Scott,
Ralph Escudero.
Marshall worked with a later version of McKinney's Cotton Pickers, with Leon Englund, headed some short-lived groups, played in Europe with Bobby Martin in 1937, was with Edgar Hayes in 1939 and from the early 1940s on mostly worked with Dixieland bands. Among his later associations were Wild Bill Davison, Art Hodes, Bunk Johnson, Sidney Bechet and Mezz Mezzrow (the latter two welcomed Marshall to some of the King Jazz recordings). Marshall never led his own record date but can be heard on quite a few recordings as a sideman. Food poisoning caused his sudden death at the age of 48.

Dorothy Shay
C&W singer/comedian/actress
b. Jacksonville, FL, USA.
aka: Dorothy Nell Sims.
Tag: "The Park Avenue Hillbilly".
Dorothy Shay - Wikipedia

Notable Events Occurring
On This Date Include:

J. Glover Compton, piano
died in Chicago, IL, USA.
Age: 80 (Worked with Alberta Hunter)
From the hollows of Kentucky comes a pianist who was actually known as one of the important musicians on the elite Louisville theatre scene, circa 1905. His wife was the vocalist Nettie Lewis, but at least for a time a more frequent musical partner was Tony Jackson, the other half of a double piano team. Prior to settling in Chicago in 1910, Compton wandered a bit farther afield than many early jazzmen, including a gig in Wyoming that did not involve prospecting. He became known as one of the Windy City's best solo pianists, or at least openly coveted that notion by booking himself into the Elite Club for years.
Glover Compton with a Seattle ensemble c.1925.
From left, Leon Hutchinson, John Slocum, Compton, trumpeter Frank Waldron.
This developed into something of a syndrome for this artist: go somewhere, stay a long time, move on and go back to the beginning. Fans of solo piano in San Francisco and Seattle also were able to enjoy Compton's as the '20s approached. In 1921 he was back in Chicago alongside Jimmie Noone and Ollie Powers. He also led J. Glover Compton and the Syncopaters. His next long residency was in Paris at the famed Bricktop venue beginning in 1926 and stretching until 1939, indeed Compton's longest stand.
At that time he took on a contract at one of the many New York jazz piano venues where audiences yabber over the music, perhaps ultimately motivating him into yet another return to Chicago and the resumption of his collaboration with Noone. Compton opened his own bar in the '50s, a logical move as bars began to be easier to afford than good pianos. He played actively until he had a stroke in 1957.
~ Eugene Chadbourne

Songs Recorded/Released
On This Date Include:


Marion Harris -  Take Me To The Land of Jazz


Art Hickman and his Orchestra


Ted Lewis and his Band - All By Myself


Paul Whiteman and his Orchestra - I Can't Get the One I Want


George McClennon's Jazz Devils
  • Bologny
  • Everybody But Me

Harry Reser and his Orchestra
  • Sweet Georgia Brown


Bennie Moten's Kansas City Orchestra - Baby Dear


Jelly Roll Morton's Red Hot Peppers - Georgia Swing
Jelly Roll Morton's and his Orchestra
The Rhythmic Eight - Mississippi Mud


Louisiana Rhythm Kings - Basin Street Blues
Louisiana Rhythm Kings - That Da Da Strain

Lonnie Johnson - Baby Please Don't Leave Home No More


Bessie Smith - In The House Blues


Fats Waller - Basin Street Blues
Fats Waller and his Rhythm - Blue, Turning Grey Over You


~(Edgar Leslie / Bert Kalmar, 1919)

It was down in Tennessee
That the Jazzy melody,
Originated then waited for popularity;
Now in every cabaret,
It's the only thing they play,
I love to hear it, must be near it;
That's why I say:

There is music in each breeze
Even tombones grow on trees,
You hear 'em moaning and groaning their tuneful harmonies;
Every cotton planter's son,
When he meets his lovin' "hon,"
Is simply pestered and requested;
To join the fun.

"Take me to the Land of Jazz,
Let me hear the kind of blues that Memphis has;
I want to step,
To a tune that's full of ginger and pep;
Pick 'em up and lay 'em down,
Learn to Razmataz,
Let me give you a warning,
We won't get home until morning;
'Cause everybody's full of Jazzbo;
In the lovin' Land of Jazz."

Basin Street Blues
~Songwriters: Handy, W C

Won't you come along with me
Down that Mis - sis - sip - pi;
We'll take a boat to the land of dreams,
Steam down the river down to New Orleans.

The band's there to greet us,
Old friends will meet us,
Where all people like to meet
Heaven on earth, they call it Basin Street

Basin Street is the street
Where the elite always meet --
In New Orleans, land of dreams
You'll never know how nice it seems
Or just how much it really means.

Glad to be, yessiree,
Where welcomes free, dear to me,
Where I can lose
My Ba - sin Street Blues.

brought to you by...
Special Thanks To:
The Red Hot Jazz Archives,
The Big Band Database, Scott Yanow, 

and all those who have provided content,
images and sound files for this site.


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