[Norman Thomas and E. L. Brown (Lillyn Brown)], ca. 1928.


Happy Birthday Rube Bloom!
Rube Bloom, Piano
b. New York, NY, USA. 
d. 1976 
~by Scott Yanow

A major songwriter, Rube Bloom's roots were in jazz. A self-taught pianist, Bloom in 1919 began working as an accompanist in vaudeville. During 1924-31 he recorded frequently in jazz settings including with the Sioux City Six, Frankie Trumbauer's Orchestra (which featured Bix Beiderbecke), Red Nichols, Joe Venuti, the Dorsey Brothers and others. He recorded six tunes (including his "The Man From The South") with his own Bayou Boys in 1930 (which included Tommy Dorsey, Benny Goodman and Adrian Rollini).
In addition, Bloom was a significant novelty ragtime composer and pianist who recorded 23 piano solos during 1926-28 and four additional ones in 1934 in that idiom including "Soliloquy" which would also be recorded by Duke Ellington. However his future lie in writing popular songs and Bloom composed such future standards as "Give Me The Simple Life," "Don't Worry 'Bout Me," "Truckin'," "Fools Rush In," "Day In, Day Out," "Stay On The Right Side, Sister," "Good For Nothin' Joe" and "Penthouse Serenade." He also wrote piano instructional books and the film score for "Wake Up And Dream." After 1934, Rube Bloom never again recorded in a jazz setting although he remained quite active as a songwriter.
Vernon Andrade
d. 1966 
~by Eugene Chadbourne

Although largely forgotten, Vernon Andrade was a highly influential bandleader of the '20s and '30s whose groups pretty much ruled New York City's Renaissance Casino. Andrade may not have had an extensive recording career, but his sound and style seeped into the arrangements of better-known peers such as Fletcher Henderson and Chick Webb. His influences were not limited to music alone, either. Legendary dancer Frankie Manning, one of the spry folks who developed the Lindy Hop, began dancing while in his early teens to the music of Andrade. The bandleader used to hold forth at Sunday matinees held in Harlem's Alhambra Ballroom, events cherished as much for the gymnastics of the dancers as the sounds of the band.

Andrade was a teenager himself when he first became involved in music, starting with the violin. In the early '20s he headed for New York City where he became violinist in Deacon Johnson's Orchestra. By 1923 he had switched down to the big upright bass and was leading his own group at the aforementioned casino. Andrade's tenure there lasted 15 years, with many great jazz musicians coming in and out of the band. The list includes the fine swing drummer Zutty Singleton as well as sultry vocalist Helen Humes, who joined the Andrade band following her first series of recording sessions with the Okeh label. 
Vernon Andrade - Wikipedia
Samuel Aaron Bell, Bass
b. Muskogee, OK. USA.
d. July 28, 2003.
Among the Jazzmen with whom he worked are Andy Kirk, Duke Ellington, Teddy Wilson, Stan Kenton, Lucky Millinder, Lester Young, and others.
~by Ron Wynn

Though he studied at Xavier University and played in many New Orleans bands, Aaron Bell was no traditionalist. He was rather one of the best bassists ever in the Duke Ellington band; his powerful lines and graceful, yet sturdy support provided a rich presence in the rhythm section alongside drummer Sam Woodyard and the Duke on piano. Bell was in the Navy from 1942 to 1946, then worked with Andy Kirk in 1947. He returned to his native Oklahoma and taught music before resuming his own education at New York University.
Bell recorded and worked with Lucky Millinder, Teddy Wilson and Lester Young in the '50s, while leading his own trio. They recorded in 1955 and 1958. Bell backed vocalists, and played with combos and in the Broadway show "Compulsion" before joining Ellington in 1960. He remained until 1962, then did sessions and worked in theater. He became resident composer at La Mama, an experimental New Jersey theater, in 1972. Bell also taught music in Newark and earned his masters at Columbia in 1975. He continued to teach until retiring in the early-'90s; he passed away at a Bronx, NY hospital on July 28, 2003 at the age of 82. Aaron Bell can be heard on various sessions from, among others, Duke Ellington, Stan Kenton, Johnny Hodges, and Billy Holiday.

Aaron Bell - Wikipedia
Aaron Bell - R.I.P. -'s Speakeasy

Lillyn Brown, vocals
b. Atlanta, GA, USA.
née: Lillian Thomas
With only four three-minute songs as her recorded legacy, Lillyn Brown's career spanned six decades, beginning before the turn of the century. Born in 1885 to an Afro-American mother and an Erie Iroquois father in Atlanta, GA, she performed as "The Indian Princess" with an all-white female string band in 1894 and attracted attention as a male impersonator -- advertised as "The World's Youngest Interlocutor" -- in 1896. According to Lillyn Brown, she was the first professional vocalist to sing the blues in front of the public. This historical action was said to have taken place on the stage of th
e Little Strand Theatre in Chicago back in 1908.
Lillyn Brown and her Jazzbo Syncopaters - 1921.
Left to right: Lutice Perkins, Gavin Bushnell, Ed Cox, Lillyn Brown, ?, Willie Gant, Johnny Mullins.
When New Orleans vaudevillian Esther Bigeou bowed out of the Broadway Rastus show in 1918, she was replaced with the lively and boisterous Lillyn Brown. On March 29 and May 9, 1921, Brown made her only known gramophone recordings. Backed by cornetist Ed Cox, trombonists Bud Aiken and Herb Flemming, reedman Garvin Bushell, violinist Johnny Mullins, drummer Lutice Perkins, and an unidentified piano player, she sang three topical vaudeville-style blues-inflected numbers and a spicy rendition of Tom Delaney's "Jazz Me Blues." These recordings were released on various and sundry labels as by Lillyn Brown & Her Jazzbo Syncopators, Maude Jones & Her Jazbo Syncopators, Fannie Baker & Her Jazz, or Mildred Fernandez & Her Syncopated Syncopators. Brown remained active until retiring from full-time performing during the mid-'30s.

She resumed her stage career in 1949, appeared in a 1952 production of Kiss Me Kate, ran her own school for aspiring vocalists and actors, and during the last years of her life wrote, produced, and directed plays for the Abyssinian Baptist Church. Her final public performance took place in 1964 at a tribute concert for her contemporary Mamie Smith. After a long and productive life in show business, Lillyn Brown passed away in 1969.

Bobby Gregory, C&W vocals
b. Staunton, VA, USA.
In the 1930s, he was a protege of famed Country singer Vernon Dalhart. 
~by Eugene Chadbourne

"The Sunny Side of the Mountain" certainly turned out to be a popular location for country and bluegrass performers; it's one of the best-known co-writing ventures of Bobby Gregory, a performer and bandleader as well as songwriter whose career in the '20s, '30s and '40s spanned the genres of Tin Pan Alley and country & western. The man is wearing a cowboy hat on the cover of Bobby Gregory's Jumbo Song Folio Number 10, and he led a band called Bobby Gregory & His Cactus Cowboys, whose vintage reissue on the Cactus label is proof -- if the label's hype can be believed -- that the man "belongs to the more important figures of country music history!"
The preceding quote, worded somewhat awkwardly as it is, makes it sound as if Gregory was some kind of a man-slave for Hank Snow. In reality, his output cannot even be said to belong exclusively to the country genre, He came from a generation of performers to whom sentimental, so-called cowboy songs -- many of them managing to bring forth an even larger flood of tears than country & western hits -- were an important part of the overall pop songwriting scene. One of Gregory's most successful collaborators was performer and songwriter Vernon Dalhart, who after performing opera among other vocal traditions, began pumping out ballads with as Western a flavor as a bowl of Cookie's famous cowboy stew. Gregory could also pump, supposedly helping write between 1500 and 2000 songs depending on who is counting. As a recording artist he may have cut as many as 350 titles on a dozen labels.
Ownership of his masters was apparently scattered hither and yon, a challenge that Cactus took on in order to provide interested listeners with an alternative to scrounging old collections of 78s. The sides cut by Gregory and his outfit of course come out of the connected cowboy, hillbilly and hobo modes, and include "She's Only a Moonshiner's Daughter," "Cowgirl Polka," "Cowboy Rag," "Cryin' Hobo," "Yodelin' Hobo," "The Hungry Hobo," and "The Sagebrush Waltz." Gregory's songwriting credits lead to genres in which suit and tie, not hat and spurs, were the normal on-stage attire. Tommy Dorsey recorded "Am I Dreaming," a collaboration with record producer Joe Davis and bandleader Charles Dornberger. Gregory shows up as a bandmember in some of cowboy star Roy Rogers' movies.

Santiago "Don" Jimenez, accordion
b. San Antonio, TX, USA.
Santiago's father, Patricio, was a very popular accordion performer in southern Texas, around the turn of the XX century, and Santiago's two sons have followed in his footsteps. (In 2004) Flaco Santiago is a leading exponent of norteno, or conjunto, music, while Santiago Jr. carrys on with the more traditional sounds of his father.
Don Santiago Jimenez - Antonia de Mis Amores

Ray Leatherwood, Bass
b. Itasca, TX, USA.
d. January 29,
1996, California, USA. This longtime member of Les Brown's band also worked with Bob Chester's Orch, the Jack Teagarden Sextet, and helped back singers Julie London, and Matt Dennis. He toured with the the Bob Hope troupe on 20 Christmas visits to U. S. military bases around the world. He also worked with Rosy McHargue's Ragtimers, but only for recording sessions.


Eldon Shamblin
guitar/arranger, Tulsa, OK, USA
d. 1998.
Member: "Texas Playboys"
~by Steve Kurutz

In a distinguished career that spanned over 50 years, guitarist and arranger Eldon Shamblin lent his considerable talents to many of country's biggest stars, including a 10 year stint in one of the greatest band's of all time, Bob Wills' Texas Playboys. Joining the band in 1937, the self-taught guitarist quickly became the band's musical arranger as he had learned to read charts by studying big band arrangements. A mix of country, swing and bluegrass, the Texas Playboy's sound defined the popular genre known as western swing and Shamblin's trademark guitar style and musical knowledge was a key to their success.
After four years with the Playboys Shamblin was drafted into the second world war where he served as an infantry captain, actually finding himself missing in action for a time before re-teaming with his unit. The guitarist returned to Wills' band after the war and remained with them until 1954 when he took a near 15-year hiatus.
Shamblin returned to the music world at large in 1970 when he organized a tribute to his legendary bandleader and played on A Tribute To The Best Damn Fiddle Player In The World, an album recorded by Merle Haggard. Shamblin later joined another first-rate group when he accepted an invitation to become a member of the Strangers, Haggard's famed backup band. Studio sessions for various artists followed before Shamblin eventually returned to a second incarnation of the Texas Playboy's in the early '80s. In addition to recording and playing, Shamblin also taught guitar at Rogers State College as well, making sure his trademark single string melodies and chord flourishes live on long after he does. The guitarist died in 1998.

Eldon Shamblin - Wikipedia

Johnny Shines
Delta Blues Slide Guitar
b. Frayser, TN, USA.
His family moved to Memphis when he was just 6, and he was soon playing guitar on the streets of that city. In 1934, he first met Robert Johnson (in Memphis), and began accompanying Johnson on the Southern juke-joint circuit. In 1937, the two split up in Arkansas, and never saw each other again before Johnson's death in 1938.

Notable Events Occurring 
On This Date Include...

Harry "Haywire Mac" McClintock
died in San Francisco, CA, USA.
Age: 74.

Gale Binkley, C&W fiddle
Age: 83.
Member: 'Binkley Brothers Dixie Clodhoppers'

"Sleepy" Johnson, guitar
died in Memphis, TX, USA.
Age: 67.
Worked with Big Wills.

Jimmy Mundy
tenor sax/arranger
died in New York, NY, USA.
Age: 75
Singer Al Hibbler 
who came to prominence with Duke Ellington 
in the 1940s died in Chicago, IL, USA.

Songs Recorded/Released
On This Date Include: 


The California Ramblers
  • Stumbling
  • On the Alamo


Arthur Gibbs and his Gang - Louisville Lou


Paul Whiteman and his Orchestra

Jelly Roll Morton - Mamamita

Isham Jones and his Orchestra It Had To Be You


Dorsey Brothers Orchestra - Forgetting You

Dorsey Brothers Orchestra - My Melancholy Baby

Paul Whiteman and his Orchestra Do I Hear You Saying (I Love You)
  • Grieving


Carolina Club Orchestra
  • I'll Always Be In Love With You
  • Walking With Susie


Ted Lewis and his Band - Three O'Clock In The Morning


Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra


Why do you grieve?
Try and believe
Life is always sunshine
When the heart beats true
Banish your fears
Smile through your tears
When you're sad
It makes me feel the same as you...
Come to me my melancholy baby
Cuddle up and don't be blue
All your fears are foolish fancy, maybe
You know, dear, that I'm in love with you;
Every cloud must have a silver lining
Wait until the sun shines through
Come on and smile, my honey dear,
While I kiss away each tear
Or else I shall be melancholy too...
My Melancholy Baby - Wikipedia

~(Julián Robledo, Dorothy Terriss)

The chimes are ringing out three o'clock
The clocks are swinging out tick tick tock
The town is starting to rock

It's three o'clock in the morning
We danced the whole night through
And daylight will soon be dawning
Just one more waltz with you
That melody is so entrancing
Seems to made for us too
I could just keep on right dancing forever, dear, with you

It's three o'clock in the morning
We should be sleeping
But we're dancing the whole night through
Soon the town will come
Daylights coming
Everybody's yawning
Early in the morning
Just one more dance with you
Find More lyrics at

Three chimes in the early bright
Seems it was meant for us, oh us
I could keep on dancing, dear, forever with you

Oh we danced the whole night through
And the daylight will soon be dawning, oh dawning
Just one more waltz with you

Oh this melody is so entrancing, it was just made for us
I could just keep on dancing just forever, forever with you my dear
Just dancing, dancing forever with you
There goes the three clock chime
Beats in time with my heart
It's three o'clock, three o'clock, in the morning
Seems to made just for us too
I could just keep on right dancing dear
Just forever, darling, just forever with you

brought to you by... 
Special Thanks To:
The Red Hot Jazz Archives,
The Big Band Database, Scott Yanow, 

and all those who have provided content,
images and sound files for this site.

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