Wednesday

FEBRUARY 16TH



BIRTHDAYS



1920
Patti Andrews, Vocal
b. Minneapolis, MN, USA.
Died January 30, 2013
She was born in Mound, Minnesota on 16 February 1918, the daughter of Peter Andreos (changed to 'Andrews' upon arriving in the US) and Olga Sollie. 
Her real name is Patricia Marie (Patty nickname). Her father was a Greek Catholic immigrant and her mother a Lutheran from Norway who ran the pure food café, a Greek café in Minneapolis which was located adjacent to the Orpheum Theater. 
Her sisters were Lavern Sophie born July 6, 1911, died 1967 (cancer); Maxene Angelyn born Jan. 3, 1916, died October 1995 of a heart attack while on vacation at Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Peter Andrews did not think it honorable to have his daughters in show business and decided they should go back to school and become secretaries. Maxine was only four when she first appeared on her first radio broadcast in Minneapolis. By the time she was six she was entertaining at veterans hospitals, for the Mayor of Minneapolis and at Daughters of American Revolution luncheons.
Laverne started the trio of sisters and they appeared in kiddie revues on local radio stations and at the Orpheum in their hometown of Minneapolis.

It was there they were discovered by Larry Rich, who offered them a job with his traveling revue. Patty was only ten at the time. They began their career in New York city with Jack Belasco's orchestra and later with Ted Mack making the Vaudeville circuit. In 1937 they were heard by recording executive, Dave Kapp and they began a long association with a string of hits. In 1953, the group broke up with Laverne going to New York to study dramatics. Laverne became a career housewife and Patti stayed in show business as a single after their hopes and ambitions clashed with one another. In 1956 they regrouped and sang in Las Vegas at the Flamingo Hotel along with a host of TV offers and a new Capitol recording contract.
Their first major hit was "Bei Mir Bist du Schon". 
Other top hits included "Don't Fence Me In", "Apple Blossom Time", "Rum and Coca Cola", and "I Can Dream, Can't I?" in 1937.
Biography
~By Mike McKinley


1916
Bill Doggett
Organ/piano/composer
b. Philadelphia, PA, USA.
d. Nov. 13, 1996, New York, NY, USA.
Age: 80.
né: William Ballard Doggett.
First played piano with the Jimmy Gorman band, then, 1938, briefly had own band. then 1940 played with Lucky Millinder Orch and with Jimmy Mundy. Between 1942-44, was arranger for the 'Ink Spots' vocal group, following which he worked with Louis Jordan's Tympani Five. In 1951, he began studying the Organ, and was heard accompanying Ella Fitzgerald (on "Airmail Special", "Smooth Sailing" and "Rough Riding". All during the 1950s, he enjoyed great success with a number of R&B releases. (Won Cashbox 'Best Rhythm and Blues' Award'57-9). 
Bill Doggett: Information from Answers.com



Ernie Wilkins (traveling with the band as arranger), Charlie Fowlkes,
Frank Wess, Joe Newman
1916
Charlie Fowlkes, Baritone Sax
b. New York (Brooklyn), NY, USA.
d. Feb. 9, 1980.
Charlie Fowlkes was an American baritone saxophonist, best known for his time with Count Basie, which lasted for more than twenty-five years. Fowlkes was born in New York, and studied alto and tenor saxophone, clarinet, and violin before settling on the baritone sax (he also played occasional flute). He spent most of his early career in New York, playing with Tiny Bradshaw (1938–1944), Lionel Hampton (1944–1948), and Arnett Cobb (1948–1951). This pattern of work was unusual for a jazz musician at the time; sidemen generally moved rapidly between bands, but Fowlkes had a sense of loyalty that kept him with bands for much longer periods.
This was nowhere more evident than in his relationship with Count Basie. After joining Basie's orchestra in 1953, Fowlkes stayed with it until his death, with a short break in the 1940s for World War II (and the occasional absence occasioned by the career of his wife, the singer Wini Brown, whose manager he was).
Singer Wini Brown was his wife.



1915
Calvin Frazier, vocals/guitar
b. Osceola, AR, USA.
d. Sept. 23, 1972, Detroit, MI, USA. 
Biography
~by Jason Ankeny

An associate of Robert Johnson, Calvin Frazier never attained the notoriety of other Johnson protégés like Johnny Shines, Robert Jr. Lockwood or Honeyboy Edwards, but his scant recorded legacy reveals a performer whose take on prewar-era blues is as unique and distinctive as any in the canon. Born February 16, 1915 in Osceola, Arkansas, Frazier began his career performing alongside his brothers, and in the company of Shines, he traveled to Helena, Arkansas in 1930; there they met Johnson, and together the three men slowly journeyed north to Detroit, where they sang hymns on area gospel broadcasts. Upon returning south, Frazier and Johnson also joined with drummer Peck Curtis in a string-band combo. However, in 1935 Frazier was wounded in a Memphis shootout which left another man dead; he fled back to Detroit, marrying Shines' cousin and settling into a life of quiet anonymity.

Apart from gigs supporting the likes of Big Maceo Merriweather, Rice Miller and Baby Boy Warren, he resurfaced in 1938 long enough to cut a session for folklorist Alan Lomax; while the spectre of Johnson undeniably haunts renditions of songs including "Lily Mae" (a rewrite of "Honeymoon Blues") and "Highway 51" (lifted from "Dust My Broom"), Frazier's incomprehensible vocals, menacingly surreal lyrics and exquisite slide guitar are the hallmarks of a total original. He did not record again until a 1951 date with T.J. Fowler's jump band, and entered the studio one last time in 1954 with Warren and Miller; Frazier continued performing in the Detroit area to little notice until his death on September 23, 1972. 
Calvin Frazier: Information from Answers.com



Composers Bert Kalmar and Harry Ruby
Bert Kalmar and Harry Ruby are popular composers who write merry tunes for Hollywood films, including The Marx Brothers films.
1884
Bert Kalmar, composer
b. New York, NY, USA.
d. Sept. 18, 1947, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
With his composer partner Harry Ruby, Bert wrote such lyrics as "I Want To Be Loved By You"; "Three Little Words" and "A Kiss To Build a Dream On". Lyricist Bert Kalmar, one half of the legendary Kalmar & Ruby songwriting team, was born in New York City on February 16, 1884. As a child growing up in Manhattan, Kalmar performed as a magician in tent shows and then as a comedian in vaudeville acts.
Kalmar met Harry Ruby at a publisher’s house on Tin Pan Alley. The two began a collaboration that would produce some of the most enduring standards, including “Three Little Words”, “So Long, OO-Long”, “She’s Mine, All Mine”, “Who’s Sorry Now?”, “Thinking of You”, “Up in the Clouds”, “I Wanna Be Loved by You”, “Watching Clouds Roll By”, “My Sunny Tennessee” (the teams first hit song), “I Love You So Much”, “Everyone Say’s I Love You”, “The Egg and Eye” and “A Kiss to Build a Dream On”.
Kalmar had success on Broadway with his scores for Helen of Troy, N.Y., the Ramblers, Lucky, The Five O’Clock Girl, Good Boy, Animal Crackers, Top Speed and High Kickers.
The team moved to Hollywood in 1930 and contributed songs to films including Check and Double Check, The Cuckoos, Horsefeathers and The Kid from Spain. Kalmar also worked as a writer on screenplays for the films Look for the Silver Lining, Bright Lights and Duck Soup.
While the Kalmar & Ruby team wrote together until Kalmar’s death in 1947, Kalmar also worked with composers Ted Snyder, Oscar Hammerstein II, Fred Ahlert, Harry Akst, Con Conrad, Herbert Stothart, Harry Tierney, Pete Wendling and Edgar Leslie. Other highlights from the Kalmar catalog include “All the Quakers Are Shoulder Shakers”, “Since Maggie Dooley Learned the Hooley Hooley”, “He Sits Around”, “Take your Girlie to the Movies”, “The Sheik of Avenue B”, “The Same Old Moon”, “The Vamp From East Broadway”, “It Was Meant to Be” and “All Alone Monday”. Bert Kalmar died in Los Angeles on September 18, 1947.

LINKS:

1901
Wayne King, Leader
b. Savannah, GA, USA
d. July 16, 1985.
Wayne King, born Harold Wayne King, (February 16, 1901 – July 16, 1985) was an American musician, songwriter, singer and orchestral leader. He was sometimes referred to as "the Waltz King" because much of his most popular music involved waltzes; "The Waltz You Saved For Me" was his standard set closing song in live performance and on numerous radio broadcasts at the height of his career.
Born in Savanna, Illinois, King was an impressive athlete in high school, and briefly played professional football with the Canton Bulldogs. He also attended Valparaiso University in Indiana for two years, but left to begin a career in music. After playing saxophone for the Paul Whiteman Orchestra, he created "Wayne King and Orchestra" in 1927.
King's innovations included converting Carrie Jacobs-Bond's "I Love You Truly" from its original 2/4 time over to 3/4. The orchestra disbanded during World War II, and King joined the army, advancing to the rank of major. The orchestra was reestablished in 1946. King's orchestra had a television show in Chicago from 1949 to 1952. He has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in the Radio category. He is survived by his wife of 53 years, the retired silent film actress Dorothy Janis.
In later years he operated a black angus cattle farm and a car rental business. In early 1958 he appeared as a guest challenger on the TV panel show "To Tell The Truth". He released a Christmas album on Decca Records, Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas, in 1963. Wayne King and his Orchestra also played at Disneyland (Carnation Gardens) in the summer of 1970. King's orchestra played its last engagement in March 1983 at the Van Wezel Performing Arts Hall in Sarasota, Florida. Wayne became quite the star and was even honored in his hometown of Savanna with a sign acknowledging that he was a resident of the town.
SOURCES:


1912
Machito
Leader/vocals
b. Havana, Cuba.
d. April 15, 1984, London, England.
né: Frank Raul Grillo. (Brother-in-Law of Mario Bauza.)
In the 1940s, his bands were among the first to achieve a fusion of powerful Afro-Cuban rhythms and Jazz improvisation. Machito (died April 19, 1984), born as Francisco Raúl Gutiérrez Grillo, was an influential Latin jazz musician who helped refine Afro-Cuban jazz and create both Cubop and salsa music. He was raised in Havana alongside the singer Graciela, his foster sister.
In New York City, Machito formed the band the Afro-Cubans in 1940, and with Mario Bauzá as musical director, brought together Cuban rhythms and big band arrangements in one group. He made numerous recordings from the 1940s to the 1980s, many with Graciela as singer. Machito changed to a smaller ensemble format in 1975, touring Europe extensively. He brought his son and daughter into the band, and received a Grammy Award in 1983, one year before he died.

Machito's music had an effect on the lives of many musicians who played in the Afro-Cubans over the years, and on those who were attracted to Latin jazz after hearing him. George Shearing, Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker and Stan Kenton credited Machito as an influence. An intersection in East Harlem is named "Machito Square" in his honor.
1907
Eugen Malmsten
Trumpet/Vocals/Bandleader
b. Helsinki, Finland
Eugen Malmsten was a Finnish-Swedish musician, singer, orchestra conductor, composer and lyricist.

 \
1914
Jimmy Wakely, C&W vocals/guitar
b. Mineola, AR, USA, d. Sept. 23, 1982.
né: James Clarence Wakely.
Best recalled for The Jimmy Wakely Trio, and Margaret Whiting and Jimmy Wakely. 
Jimmy Wakely: Information from Answers.com


1907
Alec Wilder, Composer
b. Rochester, NY, USA.
d. Dec. 24, 1980, Gainesville, FL, USA. (Lung Cancer)
Songwriter and composer Alec Wilder created many works in jazz, pop, and classical music ranging from ballads to operas. Born in Rochester, NY, in 1907, Wilder studied at the Eastman School of Music. His first successful song was "All the King's Horses" for the 1930 Broadway production Three's a Crowd, and he received more attention as the decade progressed with compositions that combined jazz and classical. 
During the 1940s, Wilder wrote many songs that would become standards and more high-profile numbers like "J.P. Dooley," recorded by Harry James, and Benny Goodman's version of "All the Cats Join In," used in Disney's 1946 animation Make Mine Music.
In all, he composed over 200 songs, some of the most popular being "Soft As Spring," "Winter of My Discontent," "Lonely Night," "Milwaukee," "Good for Nothin'," "Sing Our Song of Love," "While We're Young," "Kalamazoo to Timbuktu," "Goodbye John," and "At the Swing Shift Ball."
Wilder also wrote some unusual songs, such as "Amorous Poltergeist," and "Neurotic Goldfish," that his octet recorded in the late '30s and early '40s for the Brunswick and Columbia labels, among others.
His classical output included a ballet, called Juke Box, and several operas, concertos, and sonatas. Wilder also wrote books during the 1970s, including the well-respected American Popular Song.
~ Joslyn Layne
Notable Events Occurring 
On This Date Include: 



1942.
Shep Fields Orchestra recorded
"Jersey Bounce" (RCA Bluebird).



1991.
Bob Geddins
producer/songwriter
died in Oakland, CA, USA.
Age: 78.
Bob Geddins



1996.
Brownie McGhee, guitar
died in Oakland, CA, USA.
Age: 80.
Brownie McGhee




Songs Recorded/Released
On This Date Include:



1921


Mamie Smith's Jazz Hounds - There's Only One Man (That Satisfies Me)

1923



Ladd's Black Aces
  • Aggravatin' Papa - Vocal by Mandy Lee


Bessie Smith - Gulf Coast Blues - Clarence Williams at the Piano

Bessie Smith - Down Hearted Blues



1925



Chubb-Steinberg Orchestra of Cincinnati
  • Because They All Love You

The Savoy Orpheans


1926




Perry Bradford and his Gang - All That I Had Is Gone


Lee Morse and her Bluegrass Boys - Poor Papa (He's Got Nothing At All)


Lee Morse and her Bluegrass Boys - Tentin' Down To Tennessee




Harry Reser and his Orchestra (under the name of  The Night Club Orchestra)

Harry Reser and his Orchestra (under the name of The Jazz Pilots)

  • You Ought To See What's Waiting For Me (Down Home In Tennessee)

The Original Memphis Five
  • Bell Hoppin' Blues



George Olsen and His Music


The Savoy Orpheans - Headin' For Louisville


1927



Jackie Souder and his Orchestra - Maybe Sometime - Vocal Chorus by Walton McKinney
  • When You Dream, Dream Of Me


Martha Copeland - Mine's Just As Good As Yours


Fats Waller - Sugar
  • Hog Maw Stomp

Harry Reser and his Orchestra
  • The Cat - (Tom Stacks vocal)

1928





Bessie Smith - I'd Rather Be Dead And Buried In My Grave


Paul Whiteman and his Orchestra
  • Three Shades of Blue Suite
1929




King Oliver and His Orchestra - Freakish Light Blues



Virginia Lee
  • Love Me Or Leave Me


Red Nichols and his Five Pennies



Duke Ellington and his Cotton Club Orchestra - High Life and Flaming Youth

1931



Ted Weems and his Orchestra - When You Were The Blossom Of Buttercup Lane (And I Was Your Little Boy Blue)

1938




Benny Goodman Orch. - Don't Be That Way

Count Basie Orch.

1944




The Andrews Sisters - Shoo, Shoo, Baby



The Jimmy Dorsey Orchestra
  • Besame Mucho (vocal: Bob Eberly & Kitty Kallen)

LYRICS:


Gulf Coast Blues - 1923
by Clarence Williams. Featured by Bessie Smith.

I've been blue all day, my man's gone away

He has left his mama cold for another gal I'm told
I tried to treat him kind, I thought he would be mine
That man I hate to lose, that's why mama's got the blues
The man I love he has done left this town
The man I love he has done left this town
And if it keeps on snowing, I will be Gulf Coast bound
The mail man passed but he didn't leave no news
The mail man passed but he didn't leave no news
I'll tell the world he left me with those Gulf Coast blues
Some of you men sure do make me tired
Some of you men sure do make me tired
You've got a mouthful of "gimme", a handful of "much oblige" 




Downhearted Blues

Gee, but it's hard to love someone when that someone don't love you

I'm so disgusted, heartbroken, too
I've got those down hearted blues
Once I was crazy 'bout a man
He mistreated me all the time
The next man I get he's got to promise to be mine, all mine
If I could only find the man oh how happy I would be
To the good Lord ev'ry night I pray
Please send my man back to me
I've almost worried myself to death wond'ring why he went away
But just wait and see he's gonna want me back some sweet day
Trouble, trouble, I've had it all my days
Trouble, trouble, I've had it all my days
It seems that trouble's going to follow me to my grave
Got the world in a jug, the stopper's in my hand
Got the world in a jug
The stopper's in my hand
Going to hold it, baby, till you come under my command
Say, I ain't never loved but three men in my life
No, I ain't never loved but three men in my life
'T'was my father, brother and the man who wrecked my life
'Cause he mistreated me and he drove me from his door
Yeah, he mistreated me and he drove me from his door
But the good book says you'll reap just what you sow
Oh, it may be a week and it may be a month or two
Yes, it may be a week and it may be a month or two
But the day you quit me honey, it's coming home to you
Oh, I walked the floor and I wrung my hands and cried
Yes, I walked the floor and I wrung my hands and cried
Had the down hearted blues and couldn't be satisfied
TubaGirlFin
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~confetta
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